From field to hemp
The majority of our garments are made from hemp, a resistant fiber that we have chosen to use for its multiple health and environmental properties. In fact, in addition to not requiring chemical inputs or artificial watering, hemp is thermoregulating and offers anti-microbial and anti-bacterial properties, while naturally protecting against UV rays.
Now that we know that hemp is a plant that stands out from the rest, how do we make a tee shirt?
In order to obtain a fabric made of hemp, several steps are necessary. There are a total of 7 steps that prepare the hemp and transform it into fabric.
1. The harvest
The hemp used for the textile industry is the cannabis sativa, it contains a low content of cannabinoid (THC and CBD). In addition, this variety offers more fiber than the so-called psychoactive varieties of cannabis.
Once the plant is mature, it will be harvested to be then transformed. It is the first stage before the transformation of the plant.
2. The retting
Once the plant is harvested, the stems must be macerated in water in order to recover the fibers more easily by separating them from the bark. This can be done artificially, in trays, or naturally, if the stems are left in the field for several weeks.
Once the retting is finished, the fiber will be separated from the stem. It can then be washed and left to dry.
The isolated fibers will then be softened and the still present and stiffer pieces of stem will be removed. This step consists in removing the impurities.
Once the impurities are removed, the fibers will be untangled for easier handling and preparation for spinning. This step where the fibers are combed is called carding.
After combing, we obtain a filament. The latter will be spun to obtain hemp yarn. It can be mixed with other materials to obtain a yarn composed of several materials (organic cotton and hemp for example).
7. Weaving or knitting
Once the yarn is ready, it will be woven or knitted to obtain a strong and durable fabric. This fabric can then be dyed and used for clothing.
Vous savez désormais comment le chanvre est transformé, depuis le champ et avant d’être utilisé dans nos vêtements. Nous espérons que cet article vous aura plu et vous proposerons bientôt un zoom sur les différentes étapes de confection des vêtements, une fois le tissu prêt. A très bientôt.
Animoz team : Maëva, Anaïs, Piel, Nathan, Johan et Bastien